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GRE作文写作词语要学会替换

   日期:2020-05-25     来源:www.zhixueshuo.com    作者:智学网    浏览:737    评论:0    
核心提示:GRE作文写作词语要学会替换,防止重复用词,快来一起学习吧,共享下面我们就和大伙共享,来欣赏一下吧。GRE作文:写作词语要学会

GRE作文写作词语要学会替换,防止重复用词,快来一起学习吧,共享下面我们就和大伙共享,来欣赏一下吧。

GRE作文:写作词语要学会替换,防止重复用词

GRE写功效词重复会扣多少分?

有人可能会问,写功效词重复问题有这么紧急吗?真的出现这种状况会扣多少分呢?根据GRE作文的评分准则,遣词造句方面的分值在1-1.5分左右,而用词重复假如造成扣分,那样至少会扣掉0.5-1分,也就是说,本来属于高分的4分作文,由于用词问题,很可能直接就会掉到中国考生的写作平均分3分的水平,而中国考生作文平均分在全球GRE考生中向来是偏低的,因此在这个部分扣分就意味着你的作文得分直接掉了个档次,可以说是比较紧急的问题了。

GRE写功效词单调起因剖析

为何不少考生会在GRE写作中出现用词单调的问题呢?起因主要有以下几个方面:

1. 考生本身词语量不足

这是最容易见到造成写功效词单调的理由。考生本身学会的词语量就偏少,又没有专门练习或者背诵过写功效词,看的范本数目也不够,筹备不足之下自然无法写出五花八门的词语来,所谓巧妇难为无米之炊,即是如此。

2. 有词语量但不会用

作为一名合格的GRE考生来说,背诵很多的词语是需要的。然而,考生对于背单词的需要却存在一些问题。不少人对GRE词语背诵的需要只停留在混个脸熟,能了解或者大致知道含义就行,而少有考生去细究词语在句子中的具体使用方法。这也就造成了考生虽然认识大量单词,看着词语量挺大,但真到采用的时候,还是只会用那几个常见的老词。

3. 没把握不敢采用

有些考生可能的确意识到了背单词要学会采用的重要程度,也学会了一些新词的怎么使用,但由于缺少训练,或者无人协助批改审核,因此不敢在实质写作中运用这些词语,觉得没有把握,生怕用错,所以饶了一圈,到头来还是只能走求稳路线,反复采用旧词。

怎么样防止用词重复问题

既然知道了用词重复问题发生的理由,那样对应的解决方法也就十分明确了。考生需要做的有两点:

1. 储备写功效词语

第一假如是词语量不足的问题,那样大伙就要开始有意识地积累一些词语了,特别是专门用于写作的词语,我们建议各位考生可以多参考一下官方或者权威机构出版的GRE作文高分范本或是黄金素材类的资料,从中采集一些自身不太用但在范本中出现频率较高的词语,这些词语不仅适用于写作,还能带来高分,有非常高的实用价值,大伙多积累一些这方面的词语在写作中和我们的习惯用词多做替换,会起到很好的成效,丰富文章的展示形式。

2. 实质运用词语

第二倘若考生是由于不敢用新词而产生问题,那样之后要做的就是多练笔了,大伙可以不需要进行完整的写作训练,而是把注意力放在训练词语替换上,去找一些自身写过的文章,用意思相同相近的词语进行替换,倘若对词语使用方法没有把握,通过查字典找例句或者通过论坛QQ群等方法求助他人确定其使用方法,充分学会词语的正确使用方法,如此一来自然可以在考试中放心大胆地用上新词,提高作文用词水平。

GRE写作常用词语可替换新词语:

able→ capable, in a position

all the time→ continually, continuously, constantly, perpetually

a lot→ noticeably, considerably, a great deal, substantially

a lot of→ many, numerous, a wide variety of , a whole range of, a wide spectrum of ,an abundance of

always→ invariably

amount→ quantity

as a result→ consequently

basically→ essentially, in essence, substantially

be, amount to→ constitute

therefore→ consequently

thing→ element, aspect, object, factor, consideration

too→ excessively, inordinately, unduly

too many→ an excessive number of, a disproportionate number of

too much→ excessive

try→ endeavor, strive

understand→ appreciate

ups and downs→ vicissitudes

very→ extremely, in the extreme, immensely, intensely

yield→ produce

新GRE写作范本:角逐利弊问题

题目:

Competition is ultimately more beneficial than detrimental to society.

归根结底,角逐对于社会是利多弊少。

正文:

Darwin suggested that the process of evolution is one based on competition. This deadly competition weeds out the weak and only the fittest of the species survives. Humans, being the product of millions of years of evolution, are by nature, competitive beings. Yet, humans are also social beings. Like the bees in the hive, we are not very successful living completely on our own. We need to cooperate with other inpiduals for our survival. Thus, a conflict ensues, between our innate competitiveness, and our need to cooperate. There are pros and cons associated with both. However, it is my belief that overall, competition, is more detrimental than beneficial to human society.

First, let us try to identify why there is competition in the first place. In an environment abundant with resources, where supply outstrips demand, there is very little need for the inhabitants to fight with each other over them. This is not the case on planet earth. Resources are limited, and there is constant jostling to get to the front of the queue to get acquire them. For example, thousands of prospective students apply to gain entrance to top universities around the world, but there are only a handful of places in those universities. Thus, there is competition to get into to these hallowed institutions of higher learning.From a utilitarian perspective, competition is a good thing. In evolution it is responsible for the elimination of weak genes. In the business environment, it gets rid of the weaker players. In politics, it weeds out unpopular candidates. In academia, it gets rid of weak students.

Furthermore, competition leads to self improvement. Businesses will strive to offer better products and services at lesser prices. The consumer reaps rich rewards from this competitive spirit. Politicians strive to do the utmost for the people, so they would get reelected. Students excel in there studies, trying to outdo each other.

Thus, ostensibly, competition is responsible for the betterment of the society as a whole. However, this is just the superficial view. Underneath the surface, competition, in every aspect, is slowly eating away at the very fabric of the society.

While it is true to say that competition in corporate world has brought great benefits to the consumer, the society as Missed A herewhole is playing a great price for it. Most businesses are exploiting cheap labour in the third world to maximise their profits. There are thousands of sweatshops run by well known western corporations in countries like Indonesia, Bangladesh and China. People are forced to work in squalid conditions, often 16 hours a day. They are lucky to receive a dollar a day for there labours. The moment a government in any of these countries try to improve the working conditions of the employees, these multinational giants flee the country, often leaving whole communities facing financial ruin. The corporations are aware that there are plenty of other labour markets that could be exploited with gay abandon.

That is just the human cost. What about the environmental costs? Competition has forced many corporations to stream line their operations. Environmental standards are normally the first victims of this stream line process. A significant amount of environmental pollution and land degradation has been blamed on industry, yet the factories keep producing more and more. Thousands of items go unsold each year due to competition. only a fraction of this merchandise is recycled. The rest goes to the already overflowing landfills.

In politics, the detrimental effects of competition are blatant. Politicians often resort to popular yet socially damaging policies to gain votes. These measures include imprudent spending to rabble rousing. The current volatility in Israel and Palestine, the ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka, and the famine in Zimbabwe are all, at least partially, problems created by politicians to get elected.

It has been said that education is one sphere where competition has always had a beneficial influence. Even this claim is dubious. Due to competition students are less likely to exchange ideas with one another, thus enriching the student population as whole. Furthermore, competition drives students to study well to pass exams, but not to gain wisdom. Students spend many hours preparing for standardised tests; tests which many believe are inherently flawed. Thus, it is often not the most intellectual student who succeeds, but the most competitive.

Competition is an inborn human trait. It has some positive qualities, but overall, it does far more harm than help to the society. As intelligent beings, humans can transcend their evolutionary weaknesses. Thus, humans should rely less competition and more cooperation for the sake of the society.

新版GRE写作新题库:Argument

题目:

The following appeared in a health magazine.

The citizens of Forsythe have adopted more healthful lifestyles. Their responses to a recent survey show that in their eating habits they conform more closely to government nutritional recommendations than they did ten years ago. Furthermore, there has been a fourfold increase in sales of food products containing kiran, a substance that a scientific study has shown reduces cholesterol. This trend is also evident in reduced sales of sulia, a food that few of the most healthy citizens regularly eat.

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

中文翻译:

Forsythe的居选择了更健康的生活方法。他们对于最近一项调查的回答显示,他们的饮食习惯比十年前愈加贴近政府的营养建议。而且,含有kiran的食品销量增长了四倍,在一次科学研究中发现kiran是一种可以减少胆固醇水平的物质。这种趋势同样也被sulia的销量降低所证实,sulia是那些最健康的居极少常常食用的食品

写一篇回应,讨论还需要何种具体的证据才能更好的评估上面的论证,并讲解这个证据是怎么样强化/削弱这篇文章的论证的。

新版GRE写作新题库:Argument

题目:

The following memorandum is from the business manager of Happy Pancake House restaurants.

Butter has now been replaced by margarine in Happy Pancake House restaurants throughout the southwestern United States. only about 2 percent of customers have complained, indicating that 98 people out of 100 are happy with the change. Furthermore, many servers have reported that a number of customers who ask for butter do not complain when they are given margarine instead. Clearly, either these customers cannot distinguish butter from margarine or they use the term butter to refer to either butter or margarine. Thus, to avoid the expense of purchasing butter and to increase profitability, the Happy Pancake House should extend this cost-saving change to its restaurants in the southeast and northeast as well.

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.

中文翻译:

在整个美国西南部的所有Hp餐饮店都使用人造黄油替代了天然黄油。只有2%的客户投诉,这意味着100人中有98人对于这次改变都是愉悦的。另外,大量服务生报告说大量投诉要天然黄油的客户在被给了人造黄油将来便没有了投诉。很明显,要么是这些客户没办法辨清人造或天然黄油,要么是他们用天然黄油来指代人造或天然黄油。因此,为了防止购买天然黄油的花销并且提高收益率,Hp餐饮店应该将这种节省开销的方法推广到美国东南部以及东北部的所有餐饮店。

写一篇回应,在其中讨论还有哪几种问题需要被回答才能决定文中的推荐是不是能得到预期结果,并务请讲解对这些问题的回答是怎么样协助更好的评估文中的建议的。

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